The Oregon coasts are visited in 1542-1543 by the Spanish Bartolomé Ferrelo,
followed by the English navigators Exmo. Sir Francis Drake 1579, James Cook in
1778 and George Vancouver in 1792.
The region is then populated by Amerindians
(Chinooks, Yakimas, Shoshones). Its exploration is carried out by
Americans. Started in 1792 with Robert Gray, who goes up a part of the river to
Columbia, it is completed by the American expedition Lewis and Clark
(1804-1806). In 1811, John Jacob Astor melts a leather trade counter (Astoria)
to the mouth of Columbia. Oregon is claimed by three nations: Spain, which ends
in resigning in 1819, Britain, which controls the fur trade via the Hudson's Bay
Company, and the United States.
The Oregon treaty signed on June 15, 1846 finally leaves the United States
with all the territories south of the 49th parallel. Oregon was erected in
Territory in 1848. It then included the present state of Washington, which split
On February 14, 1859, Oregon became the American 33rd Stat. Americans are
long in shock to the Indians (Modoc war, 1864-1873; Shoshone war,
1866-1868). These are definitely introduced in 1880 and forced to join
reserves. The realization, in 1869, of the railroad Union Pacific causes a new
wave of immigration. Wood and agriculture quickly become the main resources in
the state's economy. These two sectors benefit from irrigation and cheap
hydroelectric energy after the construction of several dams (1930s). The Second
World War caused a diversification of industries and favored the economic growth
of the State, which today benefits from the dynamism of the economic zone of the
Lists all cities and towns in Oregon including top 50 largest cities by
Provides a list of all holidays in the state of Oregon when both banks and
schools are closed, including national wide and world holidays, such as New
Year, Christmas, and Thanksgiving Day, as well as regional holidays of Oregon.
Do you know how many acronyms that contain the word Oregon? Check this site
to see all abbreviations and initials that include
Universities in Oregon
Oregon State University in Corvallis near Salem
Oregon State University was founded in Corvallis in 1868 as the Agriculture
College of the State of Oregon. Approximately 20,000 students are currently
studying at Oregon State University. A special course is that of nuclear
technology. There is a dedicated research reactor on the university campus. A
famous graduate of Oregon State University is the Nobel Prize in Chemistry and
Peace Prize Linus Pauling.
Portland State University
Portland State University was founded in 1946 and is now the largest university
in the state of Oregon with around 30,000 students. In addition, Portland State
University continues to be the fastest growing university in Oregon. David
Hasselhoff and Courtney Love also studied at Portland State University.
University of Oregon at Eugene
The state University of Oregon was founded in Eugene in 1876. The
university campus is well worth seeing and impresses with many historic
buildings spread across the 1.1 km² campus. There are currently approximately
20,000 students studying here and the University of Oregon is a member of the
Association of American Universities, a network of research-intensive North
University of Portland
The private University of Portland is a Catholic university founded in 1901.
With only about 3,500 students, the University of Portland is a relatively small
university and especially known for its sports teams.
Willamette University in Salem
The private Willamette University in the city of Salem was founded in 1853 and
is one of the oldest universities in the Pacific Northwest. The law and medical
faculties have a special tradition. With around 2,500 students, Willamette
University is still a fairly small university.