Burkina Faso - education
Burkina Faso Education, The Illiteracy of Burkina Faso is around 75%,
although education has been a high priority; costs in 1990 amounted to approximately 1/4 of
the state budget. The country's educational system is in content, spirit and
form a legacy of the colonial era. Most schools and seminars are public. Basic
education is provided partly as courses for 15-65-year-olds illiterate in the
local language and partly as six-year primary school for 7-13-year-olds in the
country's official language, French. The tuition is free, but the materials must
be paid for. It is estimated that only approximately 30% of children attend school,
and almost half of them leave before learning to read. There are approximately 6%
continuing with a six-seven-year general or technical education (1992).
In 1965, in Ouagadougou, an institute for teacher training was
established; in 1969 it was expanded to a center for higher education. 1974
became the center for a university from which students can graduate in the
humanities, social sciences, medicine and law (1992). In the capital there are
also vocational schools that train, for example, administrators and nurses, and
an engineering college for agricultural technicians; a joint project between 13
French-speaking African states.
OFFICIAL NAME: Birkona Faso
CAPITAL CITY: Ouagadougou
POPULATION: 18,400,000 (Source: COUNTRYaah)
AREA: 273,600 km²
OFFICIAL/OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: French, moré, diula, fulani, etc.
RELIGION: peoples religions 40%, Muslims 50%, Christians (especially Catholics) 10%
CURRENCY CODE: XOF
ENGLISH NAME: Burkina Faso
POPULATION COMPOSITION: moss 48%, man 9%, fulani 8%, lobi 7%, bobo 7%, senufo 5%, other 16%
GDP PER CAPITA INH.: $ 790 (2014)
LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 53 years, women 57 years (2014)
LIVING CONDITIONS INDEX, HDI: 0388
LIVING CONDITIONS INDEX, POSITION: 181
INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .bf
According to DIGOPAUL, Burkina Faso
is a Republic of West Africa; until 1960 French colony under the
name of Upper Volta, Haute-Volta. This name was retained
until 1984 when, after a coup, the country changed its name to the present
one. Burkina is a word from the language moré which means 'worthy, free,
honest'; Faso is diula and means 'the ancestral land'. Burkina Faso is a poor
country and quite densely populated in terms of the limited natural resources
and technological level. It is one of the countries that has been severely
affected by the drought periods in the Sahel belt.
AbbreviationFinder.org: Find two-letter abbreviation for each
independent country and territory, such as BF which stands for Burkina Faso.
Burkina Faso - Constitution
Burkina Faso - Constitution, The Constitution is from 1991 with important
changes from 2000. The executive power lies with the president, who is elected
by direct election for a five-year term that can only be renewed once. The
president appoints a prime minister, but the National Assembly can veto the
appointment. The legislative power has the National Assembly, whose 111 members
are elected for five years by direct election, 90 from 45 regional lists and 21
from a national list.
Burkina Faso - mass media
Burkina Faso mass media, Burkina Faso's democratization has led to some
release of the press, and despite government scrutiny and self-censorship there
are opportunities for government criticism, especially in the private
media. Radio is the dominant mass media and there are a number of local and
private radio stations. It is also both state and private television, and
relatively many private print publications.
There have been reports of threats against journalists, and in 1998 a highly
respected newspaper journalist, Norbert Zongo, was murdered after uncovering
details of the torture and murder of a driver employed by the president's
brother. An independent investigation found that the murder of Zongo was clearly
a political murder. A member of the President's Security Corps was charged, but
the charge later abandoned.