When the first Europeans arrived on the current territory of Arkansas, the
region was then populated by Indian tribes: Osages, Caddos, Cherokees, Choctaw
and Arkansas. Already visited by Spaniard Hernando de Soto in 1541-1542, the
territory of Arkansas is again explored in the eighteenth century by the French
Jacques inlay (1673) and Robert Cavelier da Sala (1682). In 1686, Henri de Tonty
melts a trade counter not far from the confluence point of Arkansas and
Mississippi. As part of French Louisiana, Arkansas is surrendered to the United
States in 1803, under the Louisiana purchase.
The region became an autonomous
federal territory in 1819. When Little Rock was founded in 1820, the territory
has only 14 273 inhabitants. It is however from this date that affluent cotton
growers, accompanied by slaves, and from 1830, the population is created with 30
388 inhabitants. When Arkansas joined just the Union in 1836, as the
twenty-fifth American state. In the middle of the nineteenth century, the
exploitation of forest resources and the opening of a line of steamships over
the Mississippi favor demographic growth, and in 1860, the state's population
was 435,450, of which 111,307 were slaves.
A slave state, Arkansas made a secession in 1861, despite an important
antiseparatist current. Nordistes is regained in 1862-1863, during the SÚcession
war (1861-1865). The Reconstruction period is marked by a difficult economic
situation. Arkansas was in the Union only in 1868.
After World War II, Arkansas is violently opposed to federal racial
desegregation policy (see Black Americans); in 1957, in particular, its governor
Orval Faubus, supported by the white population, mobilized the State National
Guard to prevent racial integration in Little Rock schools. American President
Dwight Eisenhower must then intervene with federal gangs to ensure the
protection of black children. The 42nd president of the United States, Bill
Clinton, was governor of Arkansas from 1979 to 1981 and 1983 to 1992.
Provides a list of all holidays in the state of Arkansas when both banks and
schools are closed, including national wide and world holidays, such as New
Year, Christmas, and Thanksgiving Day, as well as regional holidays of Arkansas.
Do you know how many acronyms that contain the word Arkansas? Check this
site to see all abbreviations and initials that include
Universities in Arkansas
University of Arkansas
The state University of Arkansas has its main campus in Fayetteville. However,
this is only one, albeit the most important, of a total of 6 locations. Other
locations include Little Rock, Monitcello, Pine Bluff and Fort Smith. The
University of Arkansas at Fayetteville has approximately 24,000 students, making
it the largest university in the state. It was founded in 1899. The university
gained special renown through its research and teaching in the fields of
architecture, agriculture and economics. Well-known university professors were
Bill and Hillary Clinton, both law professors.
Arkansas State University in Jonesboro
The state-owned Arkansas State University is located in Jonesboro in northeast
Arkansas and is the second most important university in the state with
approximately 10,000 students. It was founded in 1909 as the First District
Agricultural and Mechanical College. It has only been given its current name