In 1539, a Spanish expedition led by Franciscan Father Marcos de Niza entered
New Mexico for the first time. The region was then explored by the Spanish
Francisco Vásquez de Coronado (1540-1542), who went up the Rio Grande, followed
by Antonio Espejo and Bernardino Beltrán (1582-1583). Spanish colonization began
in 1598 with the foundation of San Juan, then that of Santa FE in 1609.
The Spaniards imposed their authority on the Indians and started the
evangelize. But the bad treatment and the desire to abolish Indian religious
customs and rites have aroused a strong resentment among the indigenous
populations. The Indians revolted, the Apaches in 1676, then the Pueblos in
1680. They massacred numerous settlers, forcing the others to take flight and
first destroyed all Spanish establishments. The Spaniards, taken by Diego de
Vargas Zapata, returned to Santa FE in 1692. From 1696, they had reconquered the
entire region, and new cities were founded in the eighteenth century. In 1821,
after Mexico's independence, New Mexico became a province of the young Mexican
nation. It opened up to trade with the United States and was not opposed to the
implantation of American settlers. Mule trains then made the shuttle along the
Santa FE runway, departing from Saint Louis (Missouri). American merchants and
trappers flocked to Santa FE and Taos.
Those launched in the conquest of the West, the United States soon wanted to
extend its expansion across the Southwest to California. President James K. Polk
declared war on Mexico in 1846 (see American-Mexican war) and sent General
Stephen Watts Kearny to the head of the Western army to invade New Mexico.
This one was occupied without resistance then surrendered to the United
States, victorieux of Mexico, at the same time as Texas, Arizona and Colorado
(treated Guadalupe Hidalgo, 2 of February of 1848). Erected on Arizona territory
in 1850, New Mexico experienced new Indian revolts. Apaches was definitely the
last to be presented in 1886.
In 1863, Arizona was detached from New Mexico. The territory's economy was
boosted by the arrival of the railway, with the Santa FE and the Southern
Pacific Railroad, and by the discovery of mining deposits. However, until 1900,
the region considered for anarchy there was and the reception of the hors-la-loi
as Billy the Kid, who died at Fort Sumner in 1881. At the beginning of the
twentieth century, Albuquerque became a medical center with the development of
sanatoriums and cures.
New Mexico finally joined the Union on January 6, 1912, as the fourth-seventh
American state. It is in the very protected center Los Alamos, near Santa FE, in
1943, that the atomic bomb was put to the point. It was experienced for the
first time near Alamogordo, in 1945. The State subsequently benefited strongly
from an economic expansion thanks to the Kirtland air base, the discovery of oil
and natural gas (see combustible gases) in the deserts, to the uranium near
Grants, irrigation and the rapid development of tourism. As part of the Sunbelt,
New Mexico is also experiencing rapid population growth.
Provides a list of all holidays in the state of New Mexico when both banks
and schools are closed, including national wide and world holidays, such as
New Year, Christmas, and Thanksgiving Day, as well as regional holidays of New Mexico.
Do you know how many acronyms that contain the word New Mexico? Check this
site to see all abbreviations and initials that include
Universities, scientific institutions in New Mexico
New Mexico State University in Las Cruces
New Mexico State University in Las Cruces was founded in 1888 and has several
other university campuses in other New Mexico cities. She has a wide range of
learning and distance learning opportunities and is particularly known for her
research in the field of space travel.
University of New Mexico at Albuquerque
The University of New Mexico at Albuquerque is a state university with branches
in some other cities in New Mexico. It is New Mexico's flagship university in
the field of research. It is also the largest university in the state, as well
as one of the largest employers. It was founded in 1889 and offers all degrees
on a wide range of courses.
Los Alamos National Laboratory
The Los Alamos National Laboratory is a United States government research
facility. It is one of the largest scientific institutions in the world and
researches on various projects such as national security, space travel,
renewable energies, medicine, nanotechnology and the development of
supercomputers. it was founded during the Second World War as a secret facility
to carry out the so-called "Manhattan Project". With support from the UK and
Canada, this project built the first atomic bomb. also the Trinity Test ", the
first successful atomic bomb detonation took place under the direction of the
Very Large Array
The Very Large Array of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory is a facility
for astronomical observations in the radio field. It is located between the
cities of Magdalena and Datil. The VLA consists of 27 radio telescopes and is
the most sensitive device of its kind. It was built in 1972 and has been
expanded ever since.