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New Mexico Public Schools by County

In 1539, a Spanish expedition led by Franciscan Father Marcos de Niza entered New Mexico for the first time. The region was then explored by the Spanish Francisco Vásquez de Coronado (1540-1542), who went up the Rio Grande, followed by Antonio Espejo and Bernardino Beltrán (1582-1583). Spanish colonization began in 1598 with the foundation of San Juan, then that of Santa FE in 1609.

The Spanish

The Spaniards imposed their authority on the Indians and started the evangelize. But the bad treatment and the desire to abolish Indian religious customs and rites have aroused a strong resentment among the indigenous populations. The Indians revolted, the Apaches in 1676, then the Pueblos in 1680. They massacred numerous settlers, forcing the others to take flight and first destroyed all Spanish establishments. The Spaniards, taken by Diego de Vargas Zapata, returned to Santa FE in 1692. From 1696, they had reconquered the entire region, and new cities were founded in the eighteenth century. In 1821, after Mexico's independence, New Mexico became a province of the young Mexican nation. It opened up to trade with the United States and was not opposed to the implantation of American settlers. Mule trains then made the shuttle along the Santa FE runway, departing from Saint Louis (Missouri). American merchants and trappers flocked to Santa FE and Taos.

Those launched in the conquest of the West, the United States soon wanted to extend its expansion across the Southwest to California. President James K. Polk declared war on Mexico in 1846 (see American-Mexican war) and sent General Stephen Watts Kearny to the head of the Western army to invade New Mexico.

This one was occupied without resistance then surrendered to the United States, victorieux of Mexico, at the same time as Texas, Arizona and Colorado (treated Guadalupe Hidalgo, 2 of February of 1848). Erected on Arizona territory in 1850, New Mexico experienced new Indian revolts. Apaches was definitely the last to be presented in 1886.

In 1863, Arizona was detached from New Mexico. The territory's economy was boosted by the arrival of the railway, with the Santa FE and the Southern Pacific Railroad, and by the discovery of mining deposits. However, until 1900, the region considered for anarchy there was and the reception of the hors-la-loi as Billy the Kid, who died at Fort Sumner in 1881. At the beginning of the twentieth century, Albuquerque became a medical center with the development of sanatoriums and cures.

New Mexico finally joined the Union on January 6, 1912, as the fourth-seventh American state. It is in the very protected center Los Alamos, near Santa FE, in 1943, that the atomic bomb was put to the point. It was experienced for the first time near Alamogordo, in 1945. The State subsequently benefited strongly from an economic expansion thanks to the Kirtland air base, the discovery of oil and natural gas (see combustible gases) in the deserts, to the uranium near Grants, irrigation and the rapid development of tourism. As part of the Sunbelt, New Mexico is also experiencing rapid population growth.

  • COUNTRYAAH.COM: Provides a list of all holidays in the state of New Mexico when both banks and schools are closed, including national wide and world holidays, such as New Year, Christmas, and Thanksgiving Day, as well as regional holidays of New Mexico.
  • Do you know how many acronyms that contain the word New Mexico? Check this site to see all abbreviations and initials that include New Mexico.
New Mexico Public Schools by County

Universities, scientific institutions in New Mexico

New Mexico State University in Las Cruces
New Mexico State University in Las Cruces was founded in 1888 and has several other university campuses in other New Mexico cities. She has a wide range of learning and distance learning opportunities and is particularly known for her research in the field of space travel.


University of New Mexico at Albuquerque
The University of New Mexico at Albuquerque is a state university with branches in some other cities in New Mexico. It is New Mexico's flagship university in the field of research. It is also the largest university in the state, as well as one of the largest employers. It was founded in 1889 and offers all degrees on a wide range of courses.


Los Alamos National Laboratory
The Los Alamos National Laboratory is a United States government research facility. It is one of the largest scientific institutions in the world and researches on various projects such as national security, space travel, renewable energies, medicine, nanotechnology and the development of supercomputers. it was founded during the Second World War as a secret facility to carry out the so-called "Manhattan Project". With support from the UK and Canada, this project built the first atomic bomb. also the Trinity Test ", the first successful atomic bomb detonation took place under the direction of the project.


Very Large Array
The Very Large Array of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory is a facility for astronomical observations in the radio field. It is located between the cities of Magdalena and Datil. The VLA consists of 27 radio telescopes and is the most sensitive device of its kind. It was built in 1972 and has been expanded ever since.


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