At the arrival of the first Europeans, the current North Carolina and North
Carolina regions were populated by Indian tribes (Cusabos, Catawbas, Yamasees
and Cherokees). It is discovered, in 1512, by the Spanish Pedra-pomes León. The
Spaniards established a temporary camp near present-day Georgetown in 1526.
1562, French Huguenots tried helplessly to found a colony on the island of
Parris. The region was then explored by the English Hon. Sir Walter Raleigh,
between 1584 and 1587. In August 1585, a first colony was established on Roanoke
Island (Caroline of the North), but was abandoned a year later. A second attempt
took place in 1587 with a group of 121 English settlers, without success. In
1629, the territory located to the south Virginia is called Caroline in the
honor of Charles I of ER of England, who grants it to the Hon. Mr. Robert
Heath. Upon expiration of the concession in 1663, Charles II granted the
Carolina territory to eight owners who melt from private
establishments. Charlestown, the first permanent English colony, was created in
1670. The English philosopher John Locke wrote, in 1670, a Constitution that
provides for the creation of four parliamentary chambers and three orders of
nobility. Never applied, it was abandoned in 1693.
In 1728, Carolina became the property of the Crown. In 1730, South Carolina
separated from North Carolina. It took an active part in the War of
Independence, driving the British away from Fort Moultrie in 1776, but losing
Charleston to the profit of General Henry Clinton's army in 1780. North Carolina
became the eighth of the thirteen founding states of the Union, on May 23 1788.
In 1790, the capital is transferred from Charleston to Columbia.
At the beginning of the 19th century, plantation agriculture, founded on a
dominated labor force, continues its development. The State defends slavery and
opposes any interference by federal power. Senator John C. Calhoun becomes
champion of the defense of the freedoms and interests of the Southern States.
South Carolina is the first state to make sécession on December 20, 1860.
Fort Sumter's attack on Charleston Harbor, April 12, 1861 unleashes the
Sécession war, which causes much serious damage. Union forces, under the command
of General William T. Sherman, invaded Caroline of the South in 1865, burning
Columbia and leaving them behind a devastated state. Southeast Carolina replied
to the Union in 1868. The period of reconstruction is difficult, marked by
disorder and corruption. It ends with the withdrawal of federal gangs in 1877.
South Carolina, in the image of other southern states, such as Mississippi and
Georgia, is strongly opposed to the movement of Pretos in favor of civil rights
in the 1950s and 1960s. In 1955-1956, the Legislative Assembly enacted even a
series of discriminatory measures.
Provides a list of all holidays in the state of South Carolina when both
banks and schools are closed, including national wide and world holidays,
such as New Year, Christmas, and Thanksgiving Day, as well as regional
holidays of South Carolina.
AbbreviationFinder.org: Do you know how many acronyms that contain the
word South Carolina? Check this site to see all abbreviations and initials
Universities in South Carolina
University of South Carolina
The state University of South Carolina was founded in 1801 and the historically
very interesting campus was opened in 1805. The main campus of the University of
South Carolina is in Columbia, but the University of South Carolina has 7 other
campuses. The main campus, which covers an area of approximately 1.45 km², is
home to the Koger Center for the Arts and the Town Theater. The campus has also
been on the list of Historic Places as the Old Campus District, University of
South Carolina since the year. There are currently approximately 45,000 students
studying at the following faculties at the University of South Carolina:
- Information technology
- Arts and sciences
- Nursing science
- law Sciences
- Environmental sciences
College of Charleston
The State University College of Charleston was founded in 1770, making it the
oldest university in the state. Because of this, the university campus has some
very interesting historical buildings. There are currently around 11,000
students studying in the following areas:
- Natural sciences
State-owned Clemson University was founded in 1889 and is now the
state's second largest university with approximately 21,000 students. The South
Carolina Botanical Garden is located on the university campus. The university
offers the following courses:
- Agricultural sciences
- Forest science
- Natural sciences